Definition and Examples, Government 101: The United States Federal Government, Gun Show Laws By State and the Gun Show Loophole, Timeline of Gun Control in the United States, Current Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, US Reports: United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549 (1995), United States v. Alfonso Lopez, Jr., 2 F.3d 1342 (5th Cir. The Constitution specifically grants Congress the power to establish post offices and post roads. Possession of a firearm in an educational environment heightens the likelihood of violent crimes, which in turn, will increase insurance costs and create expenses harmful to the economy. Which would least likely be favored by state governments? Congress lost power due to the Court's ruling. The objection to the plan of the Convention is the want of a constitutional provision for the trial by jury in civil cases. The Constitution, as originally ratified, addressed which of the following weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975), was a US Supreme Court case. Sees the federal-state power relationship as being one which is undefined and mixed. In addition, the perception of the danger of violence will limit the public’s willingness to travel to the area, thus harming the local economy. United States v. Lopez. The necessary and proper clause and the supremacy clause. In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court decision establish the "separate but equal" doctrine of state-sponsored racial segregation? Which of the following decided the issue of the representation of slaves? With a well-educated populace being critical to the nation’s financial health, the presence of firearms in a school may frighten and distract students and teachers, inhibiting the learning process and thus leading to a weaker national economy. Which of the following is a chief argument in James Madison's Federalist No. Using this rationale, Justice Breyer concluded that school gun violence clearly could have an effect on interstate commerce and that Congress could have rationally concluded that its effect could be “substantial.”, Because of the United States v. Lopez decision, Congress rewrote the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 to include the required "substantial effect" connection to interstate commerce used as justification for other federal gun control laws. Federalism in action. The opinion also rejected the government’s argument that by harming education, crime in schools substantially affects commerce. According to Hamilton, why was the more powerful nationl govnerment created by the U.S. Constitution of 1789 not a cause for concern? 1993). Case Summary of United States v. Lopez: A high school senior was convicted for bringing a gun to his school, which Congress made a federal crime under the Gun Free School Zones Act. Mandate states to set the driving age at 18 and then withhold highway funds from any state that does not comply. Separation of powers between the branches of government is necessary to protect the rights of the citizens. Which of the following forms of fiscal federalism allow the states the broadest financial discretion? Antonin Scalia: This case is here on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the 8h Circuit. Analysis: Breyer says he will use three principles of Commerce Clause interpretation to answer the question before the Court. HINT: US v. Lopez (1996) was a landmark case regarding the federal government's ability to make public school gun-free zones. Citation379 U.S. 241, 85 S. Ct. 348, 13 L. Ed. Robert Longley is a U.S. government and history expert with over 30 years of experience in municipal government and urban planning. The second suggests that since there are so many groups looking to impact policy from so many different perspectives, these competing groups will bring about only policies acceptable to a consensus of the citizenry. Which of the following statements about the Declaration of Independence is accurate? Which of the following is the most practical and lasting action Congress could take to address this issue? In providing for representative government, the writers of the Constitution were determined to: reduce the likelihood that a tyrannical majority would gain control of government. "The [Tenth] Amendment states that all is retained which has not been surrendered. Appellant intended to continue this behavior to challenge Congress’ authority to […] United States V Lopez Flashcards Quizlet . -Mark Levin. 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